African Lion Conservation and Coexistence Plan
First designed for Mwenge, Kenya 2011
Of all the conflicts between humans and large carnivores, African lions tend to be the most daunting. Lions attack and take thousands of domestic animals throughout the continent, and are responsible for over a hundred human fatalities per year in northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania.
Less than 50,000 lions remain in Africa. Around a quarter of the population live in protected conservation areas such as, Kruger, the Serengeti, Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park, and the Selous Game Reserve. The remaining lion population outside of these protected areas have varying levels of interaction with people.
Recent studies in eastern and southern Africa show that 1) people retaliate against lions for killing livestock – poisons are widely used, 2) while traditional practices of livestock husbandry help reduce loss, it does not eliminate the risk of lion attacks, and 3) a greater number of livestock are lost to disease and drought.
These findings make it imperative to design strategies that minimize the risk of lion conflicts to an acceptable level for the affected communities. Our model program tailors ecologically sound, proven strategies to ensure human safety, protect livestock and support the conservation of lions.